FNQ Podiatry & Orthotics

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Ankle Sprains Treatment Cairns

Ankle sprains treatment Cairns is available at each of the FNQ Podiatry and Orthotics clinics. Despite the ankle being well supported via multiple ligaments and tendons, ankle sprains are one of the most common lower limb injuries. Particularly lateral ankle sprains, which occur when your foot and ankle rolls out, therefore causing injury to the ligaments on the outside of your ankle. This generally occurs in sports or activities that require rapid changes in direction, such as; Basketball, Netball, Hockey and Soccer.

Ankle Sprains Grades & Cairns Treatment

Ankle sprains are a very common injury, we can help.

Lateral ankle sprains are categorized according to the severity of damage that has occurred. The following is a brief description of the grading system and the signs/symptoms often associated with each:

Grade 1

  • Slight stretching of the ligament fibres. Can sometimes have a mild tear however this does not cause any joint instability.
  • Mild tenderness and swelling around the ankle. Patients can often walk on the ankle after a grade 1 sprain.

Grade 2

  • Some tearing of the ligament fibres that leads to a reasonable amount of instability.
  • Moderate – severe pain with any weight bearing on the ankle extremely difficult.
  • Moderate – severe swelling around the foot/ankle.
  • Poor balance when standing on that foot, even weeks after the injury.

Grade 3

  • Complete and definite tearing of the ligaments on the outside of the ankle.
  • Often associated with a fracture of the outside ankle bone and/or the bone down the outside of the foot.
  • Severe swelling and bruising. Weight bearing on the foot/ankle is impossible.

What Is The Prognosis Of A Lateral Ankle Sprain?

As with all injuries, recovery time is dependent on the severity of the ankle sprain. The following is a prognostic grading system, used as a guide when estimating return to sport or activity:

  • Grade 1: 1-3 weeks, depending how early Cairns ankle sprain treatment is initiated and the level of patient compliance.
  • Grade 2: 4-6 weeks, again dependent on how early treatment is initiated.
  • Grade 3: Varies significantly from 2 – 6 months, depending on whether surgery is required.

Why Did I Sprain My Ankle?

There are many risk factors associated with lateral ankles sprains. Some are biomechanical and some are external and can’t be controlled. Below is a list of the most common ankle sprain risk factors:

Biomechanical Risk Factors

  • High arched foot type. It does not take much force to place this foot type into a rolled out position.
  • Lower limb and hip weakness.
  • Previous lower limb injury.
  • Flexible foot and ankle.
  • Over weight.

External Risk Factors

  • Inappropriate footwear for your biomechanics.
  • Direct trauma e.g. landing on some one’s foot when playing sport or a motor vehicle accident.
  • Slippery or uneven terrain e.g. bush walking.

How Are Ankle Sprains Diagnosed?

A thorough clinical examination/history will generally be sufficient to diagnose an ankle sprain. Depending on the severity of symptoms, you may be referred for an ultrasound or x-ray to determine the grade of the injury and to rule out any further pathology e.g. fractures.

What Options Are Available For Ankle Sprains Treatment Cairns

Ankle sprains treatment Cairns can be divided up into two categories; acute rehabilitation to help reduce inflammation/the severity and strengthening, to reduce the risk of re-occurrence. The following is a list of the different Cairns ankle sprain treatment options available. Please note, as with most lower limb injuries, early treatment is the best form of treatment, as this reduces your risk of it turning into a chronic condition. Please note not all of these treatment techniques are used in every situation. Our Cairns ankle sprain treatment is delivered to suit each patient, dependent on the severity of the sprain and the risk factors involved.

  • Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.
  • Strapping/bracing.
  • Immobilization moon boot to temporarily reduce pressure through the ankle.
  • Crutches.
  • Massage and joint mobilization to restore movement.
  • Footwear modifications and or in-shoe custom orthotics.
  • Anti-inflammatories.
  • Exercises to help restore strength.
  • Biomechanical correction e.g. improving running technique.
  • Surgery – rarely indicated unless grade 3.

Our clinics provide effective Ankle sprains treatment Cairns for a range of patients. So, if you or any of your friends or family are suffering from an ankle sprain, contact us today and we’ll get you on the road to recovery.